Skip to main content

Table 2 Relationship between APQP and PDP for each phase, with outputs

From: Supply chain resilience and industry 4.0: a evaluation of the Brazilian northeast automotive OEM scenario post COVID-19

  Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4.0 Phase 5
  Plan and Define Program Product Design and Development Process Design and Development Process validation Feedback, assessment, and corrective action
APQP Phase main goal [30] Define customer requirements and expectations regarding the product Deliver the product design, as well as the feasibility assessment Design and develop the production process considering product specifications, product quality, and production costs Validate the manufacturing process and the final product Evaluate and improve processes
PDP macro phases relationship with APQP [31] Project planning Informational, conceptual and detailed project Product manufacturing preparation Product validation and launch Monitoring of product and process
Expected Outputs [30] 1. Design goals; 1. Design FMEA; 1. Packaging standards and specifications; 1. Significant production run; 1. Reduced variation;
  2. Reliability and quality goals; 2. DFM/A; 2. Quality system review; 2. MSA results; 2. Improved customer satisfaction;
  3. Preliminary bill of material; 3. Design verification; 3. Process flowchart; 3. Process capability studies; 3. Improved delivery performance;
  4. Preliminary process flow; 4. Design review; 4.Floor plan layout; 4. Production part approval process; 4. Effective use of lessons learned.
  5. Preliminary list of special characteristics; 5. Prototype control plan; 5. Characteristics matrix; 5. Production validation testing;  
  6. Product assurance plan; 6. Engineering drawings CAD the master; 6. Process FMEA; 6. Packaging evaluation;  
  7. Gateway approval. 7. Engineering specifications; 7. Pre-launch control plan; 7. Production control plan;  
   8. Material specifications; 8. MSA plan; 8. Quality planning sign-off and gateway approval.  
   9. Change control for drawings; 9. Preliminary process capability plan;   
   10. New equipment, tooling, and facilities requirements; 10. Gateway approval.   
   11. Special product and process characteristics;    
   12. Gauges/testing equipment requirements;    
   13. Team feasibility commitment and gateway approval.